MINGO COUNTY BOARD OF HEALTH
A Regulation Eliminating Smoking
in Workplaces & Public Places
Effective - September 1, 2020
Sec. 1000. Title
This article shall be known as the Mingo County Clean Indoor Air Regulation of 2006.
Sec. 1001. Findings and Purpose
The Mingo County Board of Health does hereby find that:
Numerous studies have found that tobacco smoke is a major contributor to indoor air pollution, and that breathing secondhand smoke is a cause of disease, including lung cancer, in nonsmokers. At special risk are children, elderly people, individuals with cardiovascular disease, and individuals with impaired respiratory function, including asthmatics and those with obstructive airway disease; and
Health hazards induced by breathing secondhand smoke include lung cancer, heart disease, respiratory infection, and decreased respiratory function, including bronchoconstriction and bronchospasm.
According to the Surgeon General of the United States, E-cigarettes are a rapidly emerging and diversified product class, these devices typically deliver flavorings, and other additives to users via an inhaled aerosol. These devices are referred to by a variety of names, including “e-cigs,” “e-hookahs,” “mods,” “vape pens,” “vapes,” and “tank systems” and closely resemble and purposefully mimic the act of smoking by having users inhale vaporized liquid that typically contains nicotine, heated through an electronic ignition system. ESD emissions are made up of a high concentration of ultrafine particles, and the particle concentration is higher than in conventional tobacco cigarette smoke.
The January 2018 National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine publication states that there is conclusive evidence that in addition to nicotine, most ESD’s contain and emit numerous potentially toxic substances and increase airborne concentrations of particulate matter and nicotine in indoor environments. Studies show that people exposed to ESD aerosol absorb nicotine (measured as cotinine) at levels comparable to passive smokers.
According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), electronic cigarettes are not safe for youth, young adults, pregnant women, or adults who do not currently use tobacco products.
The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that electronic smoking devices not be used indoors, especially in smoke-free environments, in order to minimize the risk to bystanders of breathing in the aerosol emitted by the devices and to avoid undermining the enforcement of smoke-free laws
Accordingly, the Mingo County Board of Health finds and declares that the purposes of this ordinance are (1) to protect the public health and welfare by prohibiting smoking and the use of electronic smoking devices in public places and places of employment; and (2) to guarantee the right of nonsmokers to breathe smoke free air, and to recognize the need to breathe smoke free air, and shall have priority over the desire to smoke and (3) discourage youth from initiation of vaping thereby developing a nicotine addiction.
Sec. 1002. Definitions
The following words and phrases, whenever used in this article, shall be construed as defined in this section:
- “Business” means any sole proprietorship, partnership, joint venture, corporation or other business entity formed for profit-making purposes, including retail establishments where goods or services are sold as well as professional corporations and other entities where legal, medical, dental, engineering, architectural or other professional services are delivered.
- “Electronic Smoking Device” means any product containing or delivering nicotine or any other substance intended for human consumption that can be used by a person in any manner for the purpose of inhaling vapor or aerosol from the product. The term includes any such device, whether manufactured, distributed, marketed, or sold as an e-cigarette, e-cigar, e-pipe, e-hookah, or vape pen, or under any other product name or descriptor.
- “Employee” means any person who is employed by any employer in the consideration for direct or indirect monetary wages or profit, and any person who volunteers his or her services for a non-profit entity.
- “Employer” means any person, partnership, corporation, including a municipal corporation, or non-profit entity, who employs the services of one or more individual persons.
- “Enclosed Area” means all space between a floor and ceiling which is enclosed on all sides by solid walls or windows (exclusive of door or passage ways) which extend from the floor to the ceiling, including all space therein screened by partitions which do not extend to the ceiling or are not solid, “office landscaping” or similar structures.
- “Place of Employment” means any area under the control of a public or private employer which employees normally frequent during the course of employment, including, but not limited to, work areas, employee lounges and restrooms, conference and class rooms, employee cafeterias and hallways. A private residence is not a “place of employment” unless it is used as a childcare, adult day care or health care facility.
- “Public Place” means any enclosed area to which the public is invited or in which the public is permitted, including but not limited to, banks, educational facilities, health facilities, laundromats, public transportation facilities, reception areas, restaurants, retail food production and marketing/grocery establishments, retail service establishments, retail stores, theaters, bingo halls, and waiting rooms. A private residence is not a “public place.”
- “Restaurant” means any coffee shop, cafeteria, sandwich stand, private and public school cafeteria, and any other eating establishment which gives or offers for sale food to the public, guests, or employees, as well as kitchens in which food is prepared on the premises for serving elsewhere, including catering facilities, except that the term “restaurant” shall not include a cocktail lounge or tavern if said cocktail lounge or tavern is a “bar” as defined in Sections 1002 (1) and (2).
- “Retail Tobacco Store” means a retail store utilized primarily for the sale of tobacco products and accessories and in which the sale of other products is merely incidental.
- “Service Line” means any indoor line at which one (1) or more persons are waiting for or receiving service of any kind, whether or not such service involves the exchange of money.
- “Smoking” means inhaling, exhaling, burning or carrying any lighted or heated cigar, cigarette, pipe, weed, plant or any other lighted or heated tobacco or plant product or substance in any manner or in any form. “Smoking” includes the use of an electronic smoking device which creates an aerosol or vapor, in any manner or in any form, or the use of any oral smoking device for the purpose of circumventing the prohibition of smoking in this ordinance.
- “Sports Arena” means sports pavilions, gymnasiums, health spas, boxing arenas, swimming pools, roller and ice rinks, bowling alleys and other similar places where members of the general public assemble either to engage in physical exercise, participate in athletic competition, or witness sports events.
Sec. 1003. Application of Article to Publicly Owned Facilities
All enclosed facilities including buildings and vehicles owned by Mingo County or any municipality located in Mingo shall be subject to the provisions of this article.
Sec. 1004. Prohibition of Smoking in Public Places
Smoking shall be prohibited in all enclosed public places within Mingo County, including, but not limited to, the following places:
- Restrooms, lobbies, reception areas, hallways and any other common-use areas.
- Buses, taxicabs, and other means of public transit under the authority of Mingo County, and ticket, boarding, and waiting areas of public transit depots.
- Service lines.
- Retail stores.
- All areas available to and customarily used by the general public in all businesses and non-profit entities patronized by the public, including but not limited to, attorneys’ offices and other offices, banks, laundromats, hotels and motels.
- Restaurants, (including outdoor seating areas.)
- Public areas of aquariums, galleries, libraries and museums.
- Any facility which is primarily used for exhibiting any motion picture, stage, drama, lecture, musical recital or other similar performance.
- Sports arenas and convention halls, including bowling facilities.
- Every room, chamber, place of meeting or public assembly, including school buildings under the control of any board, council, commission, committee, including joint committees, or agencies of Mingo County or any political subdivision of the State during such time as a public meeting is in progress, to the extent such place is subject to the jurisdiction of Mingo County.
- Waiting rooms, hallways, wards, private and semiprivate rooms of health facilities, including, but not limited to, hospitals, clinics, physical therapy facilities, doctors’ offices, dentists’ offices, and any other health care providers.
- Lobbies, hallways, and other common areas in apartment buildings, condominiums, trailer parks, retirement facilities, nursing homes, and other multiple-unit residential facilities.
- Polling places.
- Auction houses and indoor flea markets.
Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, any owner, operator, manager or other person who controls any establishment or facility may declare that entire establishment or facility as a nonsmoking establishment.
Sec. 1005. Prohibition of Smoking in Places of Employment
- It shall be the responsibility of employers to provide a smokefree workplace for all employees, but employers are not required to incur any expense to make structural or other physical modifications.
- Within 30 days of the effective date of this article, each employer having an enclosed place of employment located within Mingo County shall adopt, implement, make known and maintain a written smoking policy which shall contain the following requirements:
Smoking shall be prohibited in all enclosed facilities within a place of employment without exception. This includes common work areas, auditoriums, classrooms, conference and meeting rooms, private offices, elevators, hallways, medical facilities, cafeterias, employee lounges, stairs, restrooms, vehicles, and all other enclosed facilities.
- The smoking policy shall be communicated to all employees within two (2) weeks of its adoption.
- All employers shall supply a written copy of the smoking policy upon request to any existing or prospective employee.
Sec. 1006. Reasonable Distance
Designated smoking areas shall occur at a reasonable distance of 20 feet or more outside any entrance, exit, or ventilation units of any enclosed area where smoking is prohibited to insure that tobacco smoke or electronic smoke does not enter the area through entrances, windows, ventilation systems or any other means.
Sec. 1007. Where Smoking Is Not Regulated
Notwithstanding any other provision of this article to the contrary, the following areas shall be exempt from Sec.1005:
- Private residences, except when used as a child care, adult day care or health care facility.
- No more than twenty-five percent (25%) of the rooms in hotels, motels, tourist lodging, and cabins rented to guests. This is not a mandated percentage of rooms, only the maximum.
- Outdoor areas of places of employment except those covered in Section 1006 of this article.
- Residents, prior to September 4, 2003, of personal care homes, who had smoking privileges under WV 64 C.S.R. 14-8.12.3, as stipulated in Case No. 31120 of the Supreme Court of Appeals of West Virginia, filed December 2, 2003.
- Bingo halls who distribute more than one hundred bingo cards or bingo sheets at any bingo occasion as allowed under WV Code Section 47-20-28a, as stipulated in Case No. 31120 of the Supreme Court of Appeals of West Virginia, filed December 2, 2003.
Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, any owner, operator, manager or other person who controls any establishment described in this section may declare that entire establishment as a nonsmoking establishment.
Sec. 1008. Posting of Signs
- “No Smoking” signs or the international “No Smoking” symbol (consisting of a pictorial representation of a burning cigarette enclosed in a red circle with a red bar across it) shall be clearly and conspicuously posted in every building or other area where smoking is prohibited by this article, by the owner, operator, manager or other person having control of such building or other area.
- Every public place where smoking is prohibited by this Article shall have posted at every entrance a conspicuous sign clearly stating that smoking is prohibited.
- All ashtrays shall be removed from any area where smoking is prohibited by this article by the owner, operator, manager or other person having control of such area.
Sec. 1009. Enforcement
- Any owner, manager, operator or employee of any establishment regulated by this article shall inform persons violating this article of the appropriate provisions thereof.
- Enforcement of this article shall be implemented by the Mingo County Health Department, or his or her designee.
- Notice of the provisions set forth in this article shall be given to all applicants for a business license in Mingo County.
- Any citizen who desires to register a complaint under this chapter may initiate enforcement with the Mingo County Health Department.
- The Health Department shall, while an establishment is undergoing otherwise mandated inspections, inspect for compliance of this ordinance.
Sec. 1010. Non-retaliation
No person or employer shall discharge, refuse to hire or in any manner retaliate against any employee, applicant for employment, or customer because such employee, applicant, or customer exercises any right to a smokefree environment afforded by this article.
Sec. 1011. Violations and Penalties
- It shall be unlawful for any person who owns, manages, operates or otherwise controls the use of any premises subject to regulation under this article to fail to comply with any of its provisions.
- It shall be unlawful for any person to smoke in any area where smoking is prohibited by the provisions of this article.
- Any person who violates any provision of this article shall be guilty of an infraction of Chapter 16 of the West Virginia State Laws. Penalty will be as set forth by Chapter 16-2-15 of the West Virginia State Laws which states:
§16-2-15. Obstructing local health officers and others in the enforcement of public health laws; other violations; penalties.
Any person who willfully obstructs any local health officer, public health nurse, sanitarian or any other person charged with the enforcement of any public health law, in the performance of that person’s legal duties in enforcing the law, is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction, shall be punished by a fine of not less than fifty dollars and not more than five hundred dollars.
Any person who willfully violates any of the provisions of this article, or any of the rules or orders adopted or issued pursuant to the provisions, for which a penalty is not otherwise provided, is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction, shall be punished by a fine of not less than two hundred dollars and not more than one thousand dollars.
Magistrates have concurrent jurisdiction with the circuit courts of this state for violations of provisions of this article.
Sec. 1012. Public Education
The Mingo County Health Department shall engage in a continuing program to explain and clarify the purposes and requirements of this ordinance to citizens affected by it, and to guide owners, operators and managers in their compliance with it. Such program may include publication of a brochure for affected businesses and individuals explaining the provisions of this ordinance.
Sec. 1013. Other Applicable Laws
This article shall not be interpreted or construed to permit smoking where it is otherwise restricted by other applicable laws.
Sec. 1014. Severability
If any provision, clause, sentence or paragraph of this article or the application thereof to any person or circumstances shall be held invalid, such invalidity shall not affect the other provisions of this article which can be given effect without the invalid provision or application, and to this end the provisions of this article are declared to be severable.
Sec. 1015. Effective Date
This article shall be effective from and after April 1, 2006.
- Adopted - December 15, 2005
- Amended- September 1, 2020